Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery is a medical field specialty concerning the restoration or correction of the function and form of the body. Even though aesthetic or cosmetic surgery is the most known type of plastic surgery, the plastic surgery itself is not essential considered cosmetic. It includes many kinds of reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, craniofacial surgery, and microsurgery and burn treatment. To undergo a plastic surgery has been a trend on particular classes of society; however, there are some of the serious repercussions that need to be considered before you go into surgery.

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Modern Technique Development

The father of the modern plastic surgery is considered generally to be Sir Harold Gillies, a New Zealand otolaryngolorist who worked in London. He has developed many techniques of the modern facial surgery to take care for soldiers who suffered from facial injuries disfiguration during the World War I. During the World War II, Gillies has worked being a medical minder with the Royal Army Medical Corps. After he worked with Hippolyte Morestin, the renowned French surgeon, on skin graft, Gillies persuaded Arbuthnot-lane, the army’s chief surgeon, in establishing a facial injury ward at Cambridge Military Hospital. It has later been upgraded to a new hospital for facial repairs in 1917. Gillies and his colleagues have developed many other techniques for the plastic surgery from which more than 11,000 operations performed on about 5,000 men. After the war, together with Rainsford Mowlem, Gillies has developed a private practice which include many popular patients, and has extensivey travelling in order to promote his advanced techniques all throughout the world.

In 1930, Archibald McIndoe, Gillies’ cousin, joined the practice and has become committed to providing plastic surgery. When the WWII broke out, the provision of plastic surgery has been widely divided between the many different services of the armed forces and Gillies and his colleagues were split up. Gillies was sent to the Rooksdown House, from which he became the plastic surgery principal army unit. There, he treated lots of really deep burns and some serious disfiguration of the face such as loss of eyelids, commonly those aircrew causes by the burning fuel.

Procedures and Techniques

In plastic surgery, skin tissue tranfering is a really common procedure. Skin grafts may be derived from the donors or recipient. Autografts are being taken from the donor. If deficient or absent of natural tissue, the alternatives could be the cultured sheets of epithelial cells in vitro or in the synthetic compounds like the integra consisting bovine tendon collage and silicone with glycosaminoglycans. Allografts are being taken from a recipient with the same species whereas Xenografts are taken from a recipient with different species.
Commony, great results will be expected from a plastic surgery which emphasizes careful incision planning so that they will fall within the line of natural skin lines or folds. Proper choice of wound closure, the use of best suture materials available and the early elimination of the exposed sutures will allow for the wound to hold in the buried sutures.

Reconstructive Surgery

Reconstructive plastic surgery is being performed in correcting the functional impairments that is caused by burns, the traumatic injuries like the fractures of facial bone, congenital abnormalities like cleft lips or cleft palates, developmental abnormalities, disease and infection and tumors and cancer. Reconstructive plastic surgery is commonly performed in improving the function, but it can also be done to normal appearance approximately. The most usual reconstructive procedure is the tumor removal, scar repair, laceration repair, hand surgery and the breast reduction plasty. In accordance on the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, the numbers of the reductions of reconstructive breast for women increase in 2007 by 2% from the year before. Men breast reduction also increased in 2007 by 7%. In 2012, there has been 68, 416 performed.

Some other usual reconstructive surgical procedures including the breast reconstruction after a mastectomy in treating cancer, palate surgery, cleft lip, and contracture surgery for survivors of burn, and to create a new outer ear when one is absent congenitally. Plastic surgeons are using microsurgery in transferring the tissue for coverage of a defect when there would be no local tissue that is available. The free flaps of bone, muscle, fat, skin or a combination could be removed from the body, being moved to another site of your body, and be reconnected into a blood supply by suturing the veins and arteries with a diameter of as small as 1-2 millimeters.

Cosmetic Surgery

This surgery is an optional procedure which is performed on the normal parts of our body with just the purpose to improve the appearance of a person and to remove the signs of aging. In 2006, there are almost 11 million of the cosmetic procedures that were performed in the US alone. The numbers of the cosmetic procedures have been performed in 2007, with five of the most common surgeries in the liposuction, breast augmentation, eyelid surgery, nasal surgery and the abdominoplasty. The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery has looked at the statistics for 34 various cosmetic procedures. 19 of these procedures are surgical just like the facelift or rhinoplasty.

The non-surgical procedures have included the laser hair removal and Botox. Their survey in 2010 has revealed that there have been 9,336,814 total procedures in the US and 1,622,290 of the procedures are surgical. They found as well that a large majority which is 81 percent of the procedures have been done on Caucasian people. The increased usage of the cosmetic procedures crossed ethnic and racial lines in the US with the increase seen on the Asian Americans, African Americans, and on the Hispanic Americans, and the Caucasian American also.

Most of the prevalent cosmetic or aesthetic procedures include Blepharoplasty, Abdominoplasty, Mammoplasty (including the mammoplasty reduction, breast augmentation and mastopexy), Chemical peel, Buttock augmentation, Rhinoplasty, Labiaplasty, Crylipolysis, Lip enhancement, Rhytidectomy, Cheek augmentation, Genioplasty, Liposuction, Orthognathis surgery, Keloid removal, laser resurfacing or skin rejuvenation, and posthectomy. The most famous among the surgery procedures are Liposuction, Botox, Breast implants, facelifts, nose jobs and the eyelid surgery.