The father of the modern plastic surgery is considered generally to be Sir Harold Gillies, a New Zealand otolaryngolorist who worked in London. He has developed many techniques of the modern facial surgery to take care for soldiers who suffered from facial injuries disfiguration during the World War I. During the World War II, Gillies has worked being a medical minder with the Royal Army Medical Corps. After he worked with Hippolyte Morestin, the renowned French surgeon, on skin graft, Gillies persuaded Arbuthnot-lane, the army’s chief surgeon, in establishing a facial injury ward at Cambridge Military Hospital. It has later been upgraded to a new hospital for facial repairs in 1917. Gillies and his colleagues have developed many other techniques for the plastic surgery from which more than 11,000 operations performed on about 5,000 men. After the war, together with Rainsford Mowlem, Gillies has developed a private practice which include many popular patients, and has extensivey travelling in order to promote his advanced techniques all throughout the world.
In 1930, Archibald McIndoe, Gillies’ cousin, joined the practice and has become committed to providing plastic surgery. When the WWII broke out, the provision of plastic surgery has been widely divided between the many different services of the armed forces and Gillies and his colleagues were split up. Gillies was sent to the Rooksdown House, from which he became the plastic surgery principal army unit. There, he treated lots of really deep burns and some serious disfiguration of the face such as loss of eyelids, commonly those aircrew causes by the burning fuel.