Reconstructive plastic surgery is being performed in correcting the functional impairments that is caused by burns, the traumatic injuries like the fractures of facial bone, congenital abnormalities like cleft lips or cleft palates, developmental abnormalities, disease and infection and tumors and cancer. Reconstructive plastic surgery is commonly performed in improving the function, but it can also be done to normal appearance approximately. The most usual reconstructive procedure is the tumor removal, scar repair, laceration repair, hand surgery and the breast reduction plasty. In accordance on the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, the numbers of the reductions of reconstructive breast for women increase in 2007 by 2% from the year before. Men breast reduction also increased in 2007 by 7%. In 2012, there has been 68, 416 performed.
Some other usual reconstructive surgical procedures including the breast reconstruction after a mastectomy in treating cancer, palate surgery, cleft lip, and contracture surgery for survivors of burn, and to create a new outer ear when one is absent congenitally. Plastic surgeons are using microsurgery in transferring the tissue for coverage of a defect when there would be no local tissue that is available. The free flaps of bone, muscle, fat, skin or a combination could be removed from the body, being moved to another site of your body, and be reconnected into a blood supply by suturing the veins and arteries with a diameter of as small as 1-2 millimeters.